Hysteroscopy, HyFoSy (Hysterosalpingo-foam sonography)

Hysteroscopy

Hysteroscopy allows the inspection of the uterine cavity using an endoscopic device. The main indications of this procedure performed in the field of infertility include: to identify the causes of infertility, habitual abortion, unexplained uterine bleedings (unclarified by other investigations) and lack of implantation after transferring good quality embryos.
With the use of thismethod various pathological changes can bedetected (such as endometrial polyps, adhesions, congenital malformations, endometrial tumors in early stages, etc.), which are not captured by other procedures (curettage biopsy or ultrasound examination). If cases of pathological changes the procedure also allows harvesting samples for histological examination. The investigation is performed using short general or local anesthesia without requiring hospitalization and the patient can leave the clinic about 2 hours after the procedure. It is best performed between days 7-12 of the menstrual cycle and it is preceded by a thorough preparation.

HyFoSy (Hysterosalpingo-foam sonography)

As an alternative toradiographic examination, which has negative effects on the ovaries in terms of fertility, hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) is a newer available method to verify tubal patency and to detect abnormalities of the fallopian tubes. In order to carry out this investigation the doctor needs only a powerful ultrasound device and a special foam gel that provides visualization of the anatomical structures of interest. The procedure is simple, quick and well-tolerated; it involves either no general anesthesia or radiation of the ovaries, and therefore this method is less damaging to the woman's body. It is best performed in the period between 7-12 days of the menstrual cycle and is preceded by a thorough preparation.

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